Diet Plan for Patients of Kidney Disease
DIET CHART FOR KIDNEY DISEASE EARLY-MORNING Warm water BREAKFAST Broken wheat porridge / Semolina (veg upma) / vermicelli / Idli / Brown Bread Sandwich / Missi Roti / Chapatti with Veg or Dal / Oats + Egg white MID-MORNING Fruit / Herbal tea LUNCH Chapati+ Rice + Salad + Vegetable + Dal EVENING Homemade soup / Vermicelli / Herbal tea DINNER Chapatti + Vegetable BED TIME Herbal tea
DIET INSTRUCTIONS CEREALS Cereals to be consumed Wheat and Oatmeal Cereals to be avoided Barley FRUITS Fruits to be consumed Apple, Pears, Papaya Fruits to be avoided Banana, Coconut, Dates, Kiwi, Orange, Lemon, Squash, Artichokes, Avocadoes, Prunes, Raisins, Pomegranate, Tomatoes, Watermelon, Olives, Pineapple, Figs, Bael, Green papaya, Custard apple, Mango, Peach, Plum, Apricot. VEGETABLES Vegetables to be consumed Ridge guard, Pumpkin, Bottle guard, Round guard, Radish, Carrot, Cabbage, Bell pepper, Lettuce , Capsicum, Turnip, Ginger, Peas( boil before use) , Green leafy vegetables rich in fiber, vitamins, photochemical and antioxidants. Vegetables to be avoided Spinach, Potato, Sweet potato, Mushroom, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Beet root, Swiss chard, Brussels sprouts, Kale, French beans, Eggplant, Onion, Cucumber, Garlic, Arbi, Kamalkakdi ( lotus stem), Sem phali ( bean pod) Yam, Cluster beans PULSES Pulses to be consumed Green gram (moongdal/ dhulimoonddal) 50 to 80 grams / day, Lentil dal, Pink lentil ( masoorkidal) Pulses to be avoided Soyabeans, Kidney beans, Winged beans, Black beans, White beans, Lentil nuggets (Dalbadiyan) DAIRY PRODUCTS Dairy Products to be consumed None Dairy Products to be avoided Cheese, Curd, Butter, Milk cream, Condensed milk SPICES Spices to be consumed Fenugreek/Methi, Coriander, Bay leaves, Mint, Black pepper, Cardamom Spices to be avoided Salt- use very less
Generally all the spices contain approximately more than 40 to 50 percent of potassium in them. So it is recommended to avoid much consumption of spices in any form DRINKS Drinks to be consumed Water is the best drink for kidney patient. Drinks to be avoided Carbonated drinks and alcholic drinks. FLESH FOODS Flesh Foods to be consumed Egg white boiled (1-2 eggs) Flesh Foods to be avoided Meat, Fish, Prawns, lobster, Crab, Eggs (Yellow part), Salmon SEEDS AND DRY FRUITS Dry Fruits to be consumed Dried craneberries can be taken as they are low in phosphorus Dry Fruits to be avoided Raisins, dates, figs, prunes, peanuts, and almonds OILS Oils to be consumed Use olive oil as it is healthy source of fat and is phosphorus free. Oils to be avoided Hydrogenated oils OTHER FOODS Other Foods to be consumed Wheat, Rice, Sabudanakheer/ Payasa, Mungdaalkhichdi Other Foods to be avoided Nuts and dry fruits like Peanuts, Almonds, Cashew nuts, Hazel nuts, Brown rice , Garbanzo, Chickpeas, Non- fat milk powder , Biscuits, Namkeen, Maggie, Honey, Pickles, Papad, Sauces, Chocolates, Aerated drinks, Packaged and preserved foods, Coconut water, Ajinomoto, Baking soda.
LIFESTYLE AND DIETARY TIPS Walk for at least 30 min is recommended Whole fruits should be preferred to fruit juices Skipping meals should be avoided, especially the breakfast. Water intake should be limited 8-10 glasses per day Small and frequent meals should be taken.